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Signal Processing


Signal Processing: Signal processing is an area that deals with operations on or analysis of signals, in either discrete or continuous time to perform useful operations on those signals. Depending upon the application, a useful operation could be filtering, spectral analysis, data compression, data transmission, denoising, prediction, smoothing, deblurring, tomographic reconstruction, identification, classification, or a variety of other operations.


Categories of signal processing


Analog signal processing — for signals that have not been digitized, as in classical radio, telephone, radar, and television systems. This involves linear electronic circuits such as passive filters, active filters, additive mixers, integrators and delay lines. It also involves non-linear circuits such as compandors, multiplicators (frequency mixers and voltage-controlled amplifiers), voltage-controlled filters, voltage-controlled oscillators and phase-locked loops.


Discrete time signal processing — for sampled signals that are considered as defined only at discrete points in time, and as such are quantized in time, but not in magnitude. Analog discrete-time signal processing is a technology based on electronic devices such as sample and hold circuits, analog time-division multiplexers, analog delay lines and analog feedback shift registers. This technology was a predecessor of digital signal processing (see below), and is still used in advanced processing of gigahertz signals. The concept of discrete-time signal processing also refers to a theoretical discipline that establishes a mathematical basis for digital signal processing, without taking quantization error into consideration.


Digital signal processing — for signals that have been digitized. Processing is done by general-purpose computers or by digital circuits such as ASICs, field-programmable gate arrays or specialized digital signal processors (DSP chips). Typical arithmetical operations include fixed-point and floating-point, real-valued and complex-valued, multiplication and addition. Other typical operations supported by the hardware are circular buffers and look-up tables. Examples of algorithms are the Fast Fourier transform (FFT), finite impulse response (FIR) filter, Infinite impulse response (IIR) filter, Wiener filter and Kalman filter.



We have engineers with Ph.D specialized in signal processing. If you have a project you would like us to evaluate, contact us.



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